Ettore Sottsass was born in Innsbruck, Austria, in 1917. He graduated in architecture from the Turin polytechnic university in 1939. In 1947, he opened a studio in Milan, where he began developing architecture and design projects. Besides his project production, he started focusing also on cultural activities. Ettore Sottsass took part in several editions of the Milan Triennale, and he participated in group and solo exhibitions in Italy and abroad. In 1958, he started his collaboration as design consultant with Olivetti, which lasted for over thirty years and won him three golden compass awards for design. Among other things, he designed the first italian processor in 1959, and later several peripheral devices and portable and electric typewriters like Praxis, Tekne, and Valentine. After a long series of lectures at english universities, he was conferred an honorary degree by the royal college of art in London in 1976. Along with collaborators, friends and architects of international renown, in 1981 he formed the Memphis group, which soon became the symbol of new design and a landmark for contemporary avant-gardes. A year later, he founded the Sottsass associati studio, focusing on design and architecture activities. His works and projects are included in the permanent exhibitions of important museums worldwide such as: museum of modern art in New York, metropolitan museum in New York, centre georges pompidou in Paris, musée des arts décoratifs in Paris, Victoria & Albert museum in London, musée des arts décoratifs in Montreal, Israel museum in Jerusalem, national museum in Stockholm, etc..